# Student's t-distribution calculator with graph generator

## Critical Value Calculator - student's t-distribution

This statistical calculator allows you to calculate the critical value corresponding to the Student's t-distribution, you can also see the result in a graph through our online graph generator and if you wish you can download the graph. Just enter the significance value (alpha), degrees of freedom, and left, right, or both tails.

### Critical value result

## P-value Calculator - student's t distribution

Use our online statistical calculator to calculate the p-value of the Student's t-distribution. You just need to enter the t-value and degrees of freedom and specify the tail. In addition to the p-value, you can get and download the graph created with our graph generator

### p-value result

## One sample T-test calculator

The one sample t-test is a statistical hypothesis test calculator, use our calculator to check if you get a statistically significant result or not. To obtain it, fill in the corresponding fields and you will obtain the value of the t-score, p-value, critical value, and the degrees of freedom. You can also download a graph that will display your results in the form of the Student's t-distribution.

### T-score result

## Two sample T-test calculator

To determine whether or not the means of two groups are equal, you can use our two-sample t-test calculator that applies the t-test.

The results are displayed in a Student's t-distribution plot that you can download. To complete the form, you must include information for both groups, including the mean, standard deviation, sample size, significance level,and whether the test is left, right, or two-tailed.

### T-score result

## Common questions related to the Student's t-distribution

In this section, we will try to address the most frequently asked questions about the Student's t-distribution. To give you a fundamental and complementary understanding, we will try to dive into the underlying ideas of the t-distribution. The approach we want to take is to answer the most common questions from students with relevant information. Let's tackle problems simply and offer short and understandable solutions.

### Questions related to the student's t-distribution

The formula in relation to the probability density function (pdf) for Student's t-distribution, is given as follows:

Where: π is the pi (approximately 3.14), *ν* correspond to the degrees of freedom, and Γ is the Euler Gamma function.

A distribution of mean estimates derived from samples taken from a population is what is, by definition, the Student's t-distribution. The t-distribution, commonly known as the Student's t-distribution, is a type of symmetric bell-shaped distribution, it has a lower height but a wider spread than the normal distribution. It is symmetric around 0, but the t-distribution has a wider spread than the typical normal distribution curve, or put another way, the t-distribution has a high standard deviation. The variability of individual observations around their mean is measured by a standard deviation.

The degrees of freedom (df) are n - 1. So, df is equal to n – 1, where n is the sample size. The degrees of freedom affect the shape of each t distribution curve.

When the sample size is less than 30 and the population standard deviation is unknown, the t-distribution is utilized in hypothesis testing. It is helpful when the sample size is relatively small or the population standard deviation is unknown. It resembles the normal distribution more closely as sample size grows.

A statistical metric known as the standard deviation is used to quantify the distances between each observation and the mean in a set of data. The standard deviation calculates the degree of dispersion or variability. In other words, it's used to calculate how much a random variable deviates from the mean.

The t-value and t-score have the same meanings. It is one of the relative position measurements. By definition, a value of t defines the location of a continuous random variable, X, in relation to the number of standard deviations from the mean.

The significance level is a point in the normal distribution that must be understood in order to either reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis and to assess whether or not the results are statistically significant.

If you decide to make use of our **t distribution calculator**, you must enter the alpha value corresponding to the significance level. The most common alpha values are 0.1, 0.05 or 0.01. Generally, the most common confidence intervals are: 90%, 95% and 99% (1 − α is the confidence level).

The p-value is a probability with a value ranging from 0 to 1. It is used to test a hypothesis.

As an example, in some experiment, we choose the significance level value as 0.05, in this case, the alternative hypothesis is more likely to be supported by stronger evidence when the p-value is less than 0.05 (p-value < 0.05), in case the p-value is high (p-value > 0.05), the probability of accepting the null hypothesis is also high.

The z and t distributions are symmetric and bell-shaped. However, what most characterizes the t distribution are its tails, since they are heavier than in the normal distribution. Furthermore, it can be seen that there are more values in the t-distribution located at the ends of the tail instead of the center of the distribution. You must have the population standard deviation to use the standard normal or z distribution. On the other hand, one of the important conditions for adopting the t distribution is that the population variance is unknown

The **t-test**, it is a parametric comparison test, is used if the means of two samples are compared using a hypothesis test, if they are independent, from two separate samples, or dependent, a sample evaluated at two different times. The procedure is carried out to evaluate if the differences between the means are significant, determining that they are not due to chance.

To interpret the results of a t-test, you can compare the t-score to the critical value and consider the p-value. A high t-score and low p-value indicate that there is a statistically significant difference between the two means, while a low t-score and high p-value indicate that the difference is not statistically significant. The degrees of freedom and the significance level (alpha) also play a role in determining the critical value and the p-value.

A **one sample t-test** is a statistical procedure used to test whether the mean of a single sample is significantly different from a hypothesized mean. It is used to determine whether the sample comes from a population with a mean that is different from the hypothesized mean. To perform a one sample t-test using a calculator, you need to input the following information: The sample data, including the mean and standard deviation. The hypothesized mean. The significance level (alpha). The type of tail (left, right, or two-tailed). The calculator will then calculate the t-score and p-value based on this information, and will also provide the critical value and degrees of freedom. To interpret the results, you can compare the t-score to the critical value and consider the p-value. If the t-score is greater than the critical value and the p-value is less than the significance level, you can reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the sample mean is significantly different from the hypothesized mean. If the t-score is less than the critical value or the p-value is greater than the significance level, you cannot reject the null hypothesis and must conclude that the sample mean is not significantly different from the hypothesized mean.

A **two-sample t-test** is a statistical procedure used to determine whether there is a significant difference between the means of two groups. It is often used to compare the means of two groups in order to determine whether a difference exists between them. For example, a researcher might use a two-sample t-test to determine whether there is a significant difference in the average scores on a test between males and females, or between two different treatment groups in a medical study. The t-test is based on the **t-statistic**, which is calculated from the sample data and represents the difference between the two groups in relation to the variation within the groups. The t-test is used to determine whether this difference is statistically significant, meaning that it is unlikely to have occurred by chance.